UNESCO World Heritage List YAZD INSCRIBED ON UNESCO WORLD HERITAGE LIST Yazd, the city of wind catchers, was recently inscribed on UNESCO World Heritage List on July 9th, 2017. The 41st World Heritage Committee session was held in Krakow, Poland and during the session, the Committee considered the inscription of new sites on UNESCO World Heritage List. Yazd was the first city in Iran nominated for registration as a World Heritage site.
The City of Yazd is located in the middle of the Iranian plateau, 270 km southeast of Isfahan, close to the Spice and Silk Roads. It bears living testimony to the use of limited resources for survival in the desert. Water is supplied to the city through a qanat system developed to draw underground water. The earthen architecture of Yazd has escaped the modernization that destroyed many traditional earthen towns, retaining its traditional districts, the qanat system, traditional houses, bazars, hammams, mosques, synagogues, Zoroastrian temples and the historic garden of Dolat-abad.
Yazd is one of the most ancient adobe cities of the world and it has some similarities with the historical places such as Tunis, Jordan, Bukhara, and Sana’a in Yemen. Yazd embraces a variety of historical attractions such as Jame Mosque, Dolat-abad Garden, Amir Chakhmaq Complex, Zoroastrian Fire Temple, and Lariha House. Yazd is also known as the city of wind catchers. Since Yazd is located in an arid area, people used to elaborately take advantage of wind catchers as sort of ventilators to cool the interior spaces.
Fortunately, the old context of Yazd has been survived during different historical periods and it is in harmony with its climatic condition. Caring people of Yazd have always tried to maintain their ancient treasure adored by many visitors.
As the 22nd Iranian site inscribed on UNESCo World Heritage List, Yazd will tourists who will travel to lran to enjoy its many lslamic and pre-Islamic architectural sites.
Amir Chakhmaq Square
General View – Historic City of Yazd