Fars Province also known as Pars or Persia in historical context is one of the thirty one provinces of Iran and known as the cultural capital of Iran. It is in the south of the country, in Iran‘s Region 2, and its administrative center is Shiraz. It has an area of 122,400 km². In 2011, this province had a population of 4.6 million people, of which 67.6% were registered as urban dwellers (urban/suburbs), 32.1% villagers (small town/rural), and 0.3% nomad tribes. The etymology of the word ―Persian‖ (From Latin Persia, from Ancient Greek Περσίς (Persis), found in many ancient names associated with Iran, is derived from the historical importance of this region. Fars Province is the original homeland of the people the identity of Fars province and the whole region of Fars is mixed with that of the entire country Iran was once known as Pars (Persia). With an area of about 133,000 square kilometers (8% of the country‘s total area), Fars province is located in the southern part of the country and is bounded on the north by the provinces of Isfahan and Yazd, on the west by the provinces of Bushehr and Kohkiloyeh & Boyer Ahmad, on the south by the province of Hormozgan, and on the east by Kerman province. Fars is a mountainous territory that hosts part of the usually snow-capped Zagross range. The same heights make temperate the climate of this otherwise dry land of little water resources. The weather of Fars province is generally hot summer; while winters are cold in the highlands and mild in the plains. The river Kor flows across this province. Since long ago, its water was being controlled with several dams like Band-i-Amir which dates back to the time of the Deylamite dynasty. There are a number of other rivers and some lakes in Fars like Lake Parishan (Famur), Lake Bakhtegan (Nayriz) and Lake Maharlou. Parisian is a sweet water lake that plays a major role in balancing the environment. There is an interesting variety of animals and birds for hunting in the mountains, forests and plains of the Fars province which are also resourceful for agriculture and particularly animal husbandry. Furthermore, there are several small and large private and public industrial establishments as well as some strategical industries like the natural gas refinery m Bid Boland; and several mineral resources in this province. Most of the people living in this region are Muslims and speak Persian. Fars is also a land of nomadic tribes. The Qash qaee, Khamseh, Mamassani and Kohkiloyeh tribes live in this province with their own lifestyles and traditions. They speak Turkish and _Lori languages. Some religious minorities namely Christians and Jews live in Fars province. Beside natural scenery and unique environments like Da sht-iArjan and several natural lakes of different sizes, there are highly significant historical monuments in Fars that mark the lasting history and civilization of this territory; a land with plenty of enchanting tourist attractions. The capital of this province is the world famous and beautiful city of Shiraz. There are 13 other cities in this province, all with routes of access to 21 Tehran and other parts of the country via Shiraz. These cities are Estahban Abadeh, Fassa, Darab, Kazeroun, Nourabad, Sepidan (Ardakan), Firouzabad, Jahrom, Lar, Marvdasht, Mamassani and Nayriz. SMALL FACTOIDS GOOD TO KNOW: Historical sites : Abunasr Palace ( Takht-e-Abunasr ) Afif Abad Bath Aqa Baba Khan School Baq-e-Eilkhani Edifice Baq-e-Nazar Pavillion (Kolah Farangi) Baq-e-Neshat Bath Darvazeh Qoran (Qoran Gate) Estakhr Ancient City (Takht-e-Tavoos) Hafiz Tomb Karim Khani Citadel Khajoo-e-Kermani Tomb Khan School Koorush Kabir (Cyrus) Shrine Moshir Arcade Sa‘di Tomb Sassanide Palace, Sarvestan Shah Shoja‘ Mozafari Tomb Sheikh Kabir (Ebne Hanif) Tomb Sheikh Roozbehan Tomb Sibveyh Tomb Teimoorian Archaeological Hill, Kooshk Village Vakil Bath Vakil Bazaar Religious sites : Abesh Khatoon (Qiamat Khatoon) Mausoleum Atiq Jame‘ Mosque Bibi Dokhtaran Mausoleum Chehel Tanan Mausoleum Christian Church Haft Tanan Mourning Place Imamzadeh Shah Mir Ali Hamzeh Nasirol Molk Mosque No (Shohada) Mosque Seyed Ala-edin Hossein Shrine Shah Cheraq Mausoleum Vakil Mosque Natural sites : Allah Akbar Gorge Aqaj River Arjan Lake and Wetland Bamoo National Garden Baram Delak Recreation Site Bovan Gorge Chehel Tan Garden Delgosha Garden Eram Garden Golshan Garden (Afif Abad Garden) Haft Baram Recreation Site Jahan Nama Garden Khani Gorge Khargan Mineral Water Spring Maharloo Lake Mian Kotal Recreation Site Takht Garden Museums : Afif Abad Military Museum Narenjestan Museum Natural History and Technology Museum Pars Museum Shah Cheraq Museum Shohada Museum Souvenirs from Shiraz : The handicrafts of Shiraz, like marquetry inlaid woodwork, silver ware, Gelims and other tribal tapestry and local sweets are among the souvenirs that are available in the shops in the city‘s main streets and bazar.