Because of little vegetation the variety of animal life is not rich but there are animal and bird species adapted to the circumstances. Yazd city probably dates from the sasanian period. The geographical features of this region have made people develop special architectural styles. For this houses are built of mud-bricks and have domed roofs .these materials served as insulation preventing heat from passing thorough. the existence of special ventilation structures‘ called badgirs‘ on the roofs is a distinctive feature of the architecture of this city .(A badgir is a high structure on the roof 9 under which‘ in the interior of the building .there is a small pool) the majority of the people live in utoban areas muslims constitute the majority of the population . while zorastrians and jews are the minorities . the language spoken in the province is Persian yazd (the capital city)is limked to other towns and cities by a asphalt roads. Regular flights connect yazd with Tehran ‗isfahan‘kerman ‗zahedan and bander abbas cities . yazd provinc is rich in miner als such as iron ;lead . zinc;copper and uranium althoght agriculture and animal husbandry are not much prosperous‘ breeding silkworms and apiculture are prevailing area yazd province contains different manufacturing of which is textile industry textiles produced in this porovinceare are well-known throughout Iran and some other countries. Yazd city is the capital of the province‘while the other cities are maybod‘taft‘abarkooh‘mehriz and bafgh. Situated in a vast dry vally ‗677kms south of Tehran ‗yazd has a dry and semi –dry climate with hot summers and cold winters.in the past . without modern facilities it was only the enabled the people to tolerate the hot summer .the ventilation strucrec called badgirs wer the most important means by which the interior become cool these structures still can be seen in the older part of the city.for this reason‘yazd was (and still is)called the cty of badgies. According to some historians yazd was founded by yazdgerd (339-450AD).the oldest neighbourhood of yazd is called fahadan .being amidst the immense desserts‘the Mongols did not capture this city ‗az a result of which many poets‘artists andscholars immigrated to it.during this period leums wer built in yazd. At the present time‘both traditional hand icrafts and modern industries are active in this porovince. The UNESCO has recognized yazd as a city having the second oldest architecture allover the word. The islmic republic of iran covers an area of 1‘648‘000 square kilometers in south western asia.although this immense country enjoys different pleasant climates its most parts have four distinct season seasons snow-clad mountains luxuriant forests de serts with mysterious beauty fascinating coasts numerous historical monuments and delicat handicrafts as well as warm hearted and hospitable people are assets that contribute to the thriving of the Iranian tourist industry. Iran consists of 26 porovinces.to provide you with effective information of our coun try ‗we are publishing 26 boklets‘each one focuseddona single province. Covoring an area of 76156 sqkms‘yazd province is located in the central part of iran it is bounded on the north and west by Isfahan on the north east by khorasan ‗on the south-west by fars and on the south east by kerman the neighbouring deserts of kavir-e-loot kavi r –enamak and dasht –e-kavir and scanty rainfall give the few mountains of this region are mainly situated in the south and south-west the most important of wich are the shirk ooh 11 mountains whose peaks are snow covered all the year round the existence of deserts and floating sand are the main geographical features of this province.the mysteriose silence of the nighbouring deserts attracts those who love profound inexplicable beauties of nature. The whole area is rather porly watered lacks adequate rainfall over large sections and presents vast stretches of barren land in recent years ‗by planting bushes and trees in the desert areas‘great steps have been taken to stope the extending of the deserts in the past ‗for obtaining weter from under ground sources qranats were dugnowdeep wells have replaced them.(qanat is an irragion system by which an under ground mountain water is tapped and the water chanelled down through a series of tunnels to the town level.)in the winter ‗when the need for water was reservoirs to be used in the summer permanent struggle against unfavourable conditions has made the people industrious.